The health benefits of orthodontic treatment

While some people might want to improve the appearance of their teeth through orthodontics, there are other benefits to having orthodontic treatment. Straightening your teeth can also improve your bite, oral health and general health. This is because:

  • Straightened teeth are much easier to clean
  • This is a good factor for decreasing the risk of periodontal diseases associated with age. On the other hand, if the teeth are really crooked, the roots are closer together and more likely to be prone to periodontal disease.
  • Teeth that are aligned, with or without orthodontic treatment, are functionally more healthy. The load of the bite is evenly distributed across the teeth. When this isn’t the case, there may be more load put on a group of teeth , which can lead to problems over time, including loss of bone and gum recession.
  • Finally there are also health benefits related to breathing. Sometimes crooked and protruding teeth can prevent  the lips from closing fully, causing mouth breathing issues.


How can orthodontics improve the functioning of your jaw and bite?

If the teeth are aligned, the forces generated by the jaws when biting and chewing are loaded evenly, making the bite more stable. If there are uneven contacts between the two dental arches, this can generate muscular tension which can in turn lead to disorders of the TMJ or temporomandibular joint, which is where the top jaw connects to the skull.


Can orthodontics improve the health of the gums?

If you have problems with crowding,  it can make oral hygiene more difficult. This can lead to inflammation of the gums. Incorrect positioning of the teeth can cause damage in the mouth due to repeated movement, which in turn can lead to the bone and gums becoming worn down over time. For this reason, orthodontic alignment and correction of the bite promotes gum and oral health.


Can orthodontics improve the health of the mouth by closing large gaps between the teeth?

If you have large gaps between your teeth, this is usually caused by a missing tooth: in this case, teeth adjacent to the space will tend to incline and reduce the space available and necessary for replacing the missing tooth. Most of the times it will be  necessary to realign teeth in order to either close or re-open the space.

Minor spaces are often caused by over-wide arches or small teeth. In both cases, you will tend to chew on the gums and the teeth are more difficult to clean. It’s a bit of a paradox – teeth too close together are hard to clean but so are teeth too far apart! You will need to floss and clean your teeth well. It is recommended to close such gaps as teeth will be more stable as a result.


Can orthodontics improve the health of the mouth by rotating crooked teeth into a more aligned position?

If you have rotated teeth, it is harder to clean your teeth properly. The teeth also don’t sit in the correct space in the bite. Depending on the tooth and the way it is misaligned, it can fill more less space in the mouth than it should, changing the relation with the other arch. The optimal contact points that are needed for a proper bite cannot be reached between the two arches because of the rotated teeth. It is healthy to reposition each tooth into the correct place for ideal oral health.


How orthodontics can improve the health of your entire mouth

Orthodontics is about so much more than just the aesthetic benefit of having a straighter smile and can have a wide impact on your oral and dental health.

You can keep your teeth cleaner and it can have an impact on the periodontal health and the long-term health of the teeth and gums.

If the teeth don’t close properly you can get occlusion wear, which isn’t reversible.

If you straighten teeth, there is an occlusal advantage: you can avoid occlusal trauma, which can cause resorption of the bone and gum recession. In some cases you can also prevent or cure TMJ problems through orthodontics.


To take the next step on your journey to a straighter, healthier smile in Milan, book an appointment at Studio Bracchetti now: